National Writing Project

OP 07. The Problem-Solving Processes of Writers and Readers

By: Betsey Bowen, Bertram C. Bruce, Linda Flower, Margaret Kantz, Ann M. Penrose, Ann S. Rosebery
Publication: National Center for the Study of Writing and Literacy Occasional Paper
Date: 1989

Summary: The authors focus on writing and reading as forms of problem solving that are shaped by communicative purpose, for example problems incurred in writing for a specific audience or reading to interpret text.

 

Excerpt

A revolution has occurred in the way we think about writing and reading. We have moved from a focus on the product—the text—to a focus on the process-writing and reading as dynamic acts of thought and communication. This shift in emphasis has been productive in shaping new attitudes, and practices, but "process" has not meant the same thing to everyone. Some of us picture the process that goes on in a classroom in which students read, write, and discuss texts. Process from this perspective is a school-based activity supported by teachers, curricula and assignments. Others of us picture the process as reflecting participation in a community with its norms, beliefs, and values influencing the literacy transactions that occur. And for others, the notion of process conjures up an intimate picture of an individual student, reflecting on what he or she is writing or reading.

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